A breakthrough in chair production

Thanks to its long-lasting look and sustainable material, every use of trace are gradually reflected your life through time and years and become unique charms in its own way for any space.

1.  What is the story behind stool 60? 

Stool 60 designed by Alvar Aalto, one of the most classical chair designs during the past 87 years. In 1933, Alvar Aalto invented a ground-breaking production method that could be used to bend solid pieces of wood into the L-shaped form intended for the legs of chairs and tables. The technique breaks with longstanding traditions of furniture production and allows the warm, organic qualities of wood could be used to form stable hardwearing designs. The system of standard components enabled the creation of more than 50 versatile products.

Aalto called the L-leg “the little sister of the architectural column to provides a connection with the horizontal level"

2. How is stool 60 produced?

Stool 60 manufactured in 42 production steps at the A-Factory in Turku, Finland

  • To turn raw birch into the L-leg, the timber is first soaked to soften the wood when the birch tree arrived at the factory from Finland. 
  • Multiple saw cuts are made in one end of the blank for the L-leg, the deeper the cut, the bigger the bend. Thin pieces of wood are dipped in glue and forced into the gaps in the resultant.
  • Then the wood is bent to a 90-degree angle using heat and steam. The finished leg is screwed to the underside of the seat and could be stacked into towers – a clever way of saving space where necessary. 

This method superseded complicated joints which called for a high degree of work by hand. This invention increases the stability of the component, which meant a major leap forward towards the production of furniture, which is exactly what Aalto was aiming for in the early 1930s and now becomes a long-lasting tradition of furniture design.

3. What is the value behind stool 60? 

Today, Stool 60 still being one of the most elemental of furniture pieces thanks to its long-lasting look, sustainable material, and production method. We see different artists, designers been co-operated together to bring a new look of its classic design.

In 2006, Artek began collecting used Aalto chairs and stools in 2006 to offers these re-discovered pieces for sale, beginning a second cycle in their lives which not only showcases the longevity of furniture also promotes the idea that what we buy should be carefully chosen, cherished rather than disposed.


In 2019, Artek partnered with indigo-dye specialist BUAISOU from the Tokushima prefecture, brings together Alvar Aalto’s iconic design with a traditional plant-based Japanese coloring technique; Also the collaboration between the Japan-based fashion company Minä Perhonen designing a durable interior fabric for Artek’s Three-legged stacking Stool 60, the color and texture may change as time goes, and that each stool will be passed down for generations.

Without being limited by usage, space, fashion, the appreciation bending technique now passed on to the new stage and every scratch and memories left during use, this be the true reason for its special value

Alvar Aalto, the pioneer of modern architecture and design. He was a Finnish architect and designer; His design philosophy was quite influenced by nature and organic materials. And the beauty of his work is hidden in his design approach of Functionalism but with a strong connection to the organic relationship between man, nature and buildings. In the 1920s - 1930s, he started to produce innovative plywood chairs and create a new trend in the use of plywood. His modern architects' design aesthetic and the use of natural material became his identifiable personal style has gained him the international reputation of a distinctive blend of modernist refinement in the world. 
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